Calculating accurate pressure from Particle Image Velocimetry(PIV) has long been a target of many ﬂuid dynamics researchers. A reliable way of getting results could be a true scientiﬁc breakthrough. Using a non-intrusive, high resolution technique like PIV could be much better than employing complex pressure transducers with low special resolution. MicroVec has implemented a software module to add determination of the pressure distribution to its PIV software. This implementation includes novel method called “Irrotational Correction on Pressure Gradient” (patent pending), which is unique and greatly improves the pressure reconstruction.
In the last few years an increasing number of papers have been published on this subject and new methods of calculating pressure have been proposed and evaluated. The main idea of pressure reconstruction is to solve momentum equation to get pressure from a time-resolved PIV. Obtaining pressure distribution is based on computing the pressure gradient from the velocity data and subsequent spatial integration. In simple terms the ﬁrst step is to acquire PIV velocity data to determine the acceleration from capturing 3 consecutive particle images (or 2 velocity ﬁelds). The next step is to extract the pressure gradient (acceleration) from the velocity data and lastly the actual computation of the pressure ﬁeld can be performed, by spatial integration of the pressure gradient from a reference point, normally at a corner of the measurement domain.